Police nab 48 suspects over Mile 12 crisis, adopts 24 hours surveillance
- 211 others killed
- Why Nigerians can’t stop paying ransom —Security experts
No fewer than 50 police officers were gruesomely murdered by bandits and other criminal elements in the last 38 days while about 211 other Nigerians were killed during the same period.
Captors with highest ransom demand
Sunday Vanguard review of security situation in Nigeria during the period showed that about N1.415billion was demanded as ransom for 321 kidnapped victims across the country.
Of the N1.415billion ransom, the demand of the abductors of Madam Betinah Benson, 80-year-old mother of Bayelsa SSG (Secretary to State Government), Dr Kombowei Benson, topped the list as they demanded N500million for her release.
Another group demanded N200million for the release of Tari Ajanami, the owner of Club 64, a nightclub also in Bayelsa.
Captors of the Emir of Kajuru, 13 family members and aides, on their part, demanded N200million ransom.
These came to light as experts warned that there would be no end to ransom payment as long as activities of criminals were not checked by security agencies.
Worst hit States
According to the Sunday Vanguard review, Kaduna State is worst hit with 206 abductees and 51 deaths, followed by Sokoto, Borno, Zamfara and Adamawa states respectively.
In Sokoto, 60 persons were kidnapped while two persons lost their lives.
Borno recorded 45 deaths while Zamfara, Adamawa and Plateau had 42, 41 and 24 deaths accordingly.
Imo State also became a hotspot of killings during the period under review by ‘unknown gunmen’.
The findings showed that about 250 people were killed by bandits, militants, herdsmen or unknown gunmen while 14 lost their lives in the hands of the police, Customs and military officers.
Also, five suspected kidnappers were set ablaze in Edo State by a mob.
The above figures were not part of recent SBM Intelligence report which found that that a total of 2,371 persons were kidnapped in Nigeria within the first six months of the year, that is, from January to June, 2021.
According to the research consultancy group, an average of 13 persons was abducted daily in Nigeria in the first half of the year.
Kidnapping: Fast growing industry
Kidnapping has become commonplace and a sort of business to bandits and other criminal elements, which raid, kill and mass kidnap for ransom, particularly of school children.
It is the fastest growing industry and has remained the most virulent form of banditry in the country.
Recent reports have shown that criminals are often driven by financial motives to kidnap children and others and hold them for ransom.
According to the SBM report, N10 billion ($19.96 million as of June 30) was demanded as ransom for the kidnap victims.
Attacks on schools
Nigeria’s kidnap-for-ransom industry is growing, and it’s not just the well-off who are at risk. The new targets are poor villagers and ordinary schoolchildren.
Since the well-publicised abduction in 2014 of 276 schoolgirls from Chibok secondary school by Boko Haram terrorists in Borno state, more armed groups have resorted to mass abduction of students.
There has been a recent spate of abductions from schools for ransom. Authorities say recent attacks on schools, especially in the North-West, have been carried out by bandits, who are largely motivated by money.
Security experts, who shared their thoughts with Sunday Vanguard, stated that in normal circumstances, Nigerians would not pay ransom to kidnappers but with the failure of government and incompetence and corruption in the security establishment, citizens had no choice than succumb to the whims and caprices of criminals.
Govt has failed the people —Ashiru
The founder and Chief Executive Officer of Bulwark Intelligence Solutions Ltd., Tanwa Ashiru, opined that families would do anything to secure and release loved ones, most importantly, when government has failed to live up its mandate. Ashiru, a U.S Air Force veteran with over 14 years of experience in Intelligence Analysis, maintained that Nigerians would continue to pay ransom to criminals until the government makes the country uncomfortable for kidnappers and other criminal elements wherever they are found and eliminated.
She said, “As far as the people are concerned, government has already failed them. To them, the fact that their loved ones are abducted in the first place means failure on the part of government to provide security for its citizens.
‘Our own government’
“Here in Nigeria, we already believe that we are a sort of our own government because we provide our own light, our own water, security and practically, everything else. “So when a person is kidnapped, that mentality carries on. We believe that we are on our own; therefore, we are the ones to make sure that we get our loved ones out. “No one really trusts government or law enforcement agencies to be on top of the situation. “When government says it is not going to negotiate with criminals and that nobody should negotiate, then, we have to also believe that something is being done on the other hand. “If government is telling us not to pay, then, they should also tell us what active plans, and not just talking, we must see the active steps it is taking to actually protect the citizens.”
She advised government to start building trust among the people, put up a response unit, provide a dedicated hotline for kidnap cases, and assign professionals to victims’ families to help them during the traumatic period.
Nigerians buy favour —Ononugbo
In his contribution, Mr. Alfred Ononugbo, a forensic expert and criminal intelligence specialist, said Nigeria’s security infrastructure has been weakened by indiscipline, corruption, unprofessionalism, incompetence and lack of patriotism.
According to him a situation whereby “citizens freely engaging criminals show that there is a break in the bridge. “It starts with buying of voter’s card to buying power, and now, we are buying the favour of criminals. “We make criminals see themselves as entrepreneurs and that is very dangerous for our society.”
To arrest the ugly trend, Ononugbo, a security consultant and private crimes investigator, suggested rejigging of Nigeria’s security architecture.
The analyst said: “We must rejig the security infrastructure, we must look at the curriculum and we must also look at the selection process.
“Part of why we are in this mess is that we entrusted our security in the hands of politicians who recruit security agents based on quota, and not on merit or credibility.”
It’s an extortionate terrorism —CISLAC [Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre] boss, Hashim
Also, the Program Manager, Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre, CISLAC, Sacandeen Hashim, described what the country is experiencing as an ‘extortionate terrorism’.
According to him, it would be difficult to stop payment of ransom to bandits because some unscrupulous elements in government circle were using negotiation and payment of ransom as a cover to divert public funds.
Hashim said: “We have noticed a new avenue for massive diversion of public funds to escape accountability.
“Political fat cats access funds in the false impression of paying ransom to bandits in the bush that are kept and sustained for this game called banditry.
Carrot and stick
“However, to end strife, there are often two positions. You either beat the enemy to pulp, pulverize and blow him away. Or you negotiate. “Negotiation is done everywhere in the world, but when it becomes a tool for corruption and financing terrorism and political establishment, then, it becomes extortion.
“Government should apply carrot and stick to save the situation and avoid fatalities of those in captivity.
“The institutions of the state are weak. We do not even have professional negotiators. “The example of Zamfara and Katsina is a classical example of failed negotiations. “A government should have a team of experts handling the situation with concrete prohibition for operation in specific boundaries. “We must think outside the box because, we cannot continue to do same thing and expect a different result.”
“In normal circumstances, Nigerians will not pay any ransom to kidnappers, but with the failure of the Buhari’s administration, and the incompetence and corruption in our security establishment, Nigerians see no alternatives.
“If Nigerians believe that our security forces can rescue their kidnapped relations, they will most definitely not pay ransom. “Nigerians pay ransom because they know that their government and security forces will not rescue them if kidnapped. Nigerians have no choice but to pay the ransoms or risked being killed.”
Timeline of kidnap cases in July, and ransom demanded by abductors
July 1, 2021: Armed robbers kill police officer in attempted bank robbery in Ekiti
July 3, 2021: Bandits abduct 7 women, 4 children along Birnin Gwari Road, demand N25m ransom
July 5-6, 2021: Suspected bandits kill 19 in overnight attack on Tsauwa village, Katsina State
July 5, 2021: Boko Haram abducts Rev. Fr. Elijah Juma Wada of Catholic Diocese of Maiduguri.
July 5, 2021: Gunmen attack National Leprosy and Tuberculosis Centre in Kaduna, kidnap 8, demand N180m
July 5, 2021: 150 students abducted from Kaduna school
July 6, 2021: Gunmen kidnap 4 farmers in Ekiti, demand N50m ransom
July 7, 2021: Death toll climbs to 18, over 2,500 displaced as armed men attack Hong LGA, Adamawa State
July 8, 2021: 16 kidnapped by gunmen in Damishi, Kaduna State
July 8, 2021: Bandits demand N220 million as ransom for 11 persons abducted from Anguwan Gimbiya, a suburb of Kaduna State
July 9, 2021: Gunmen kill at least 45 people in Borno town
July 11, 2021: Emir of Kajuru, 13 family members, aides, kidnapped in Kaduna, abductors demand N200m ransom
July 13, 2021: Kogi monarch kidnapped
July 13, 2021: One killed, 3 injured as military personnel, traders clash in Lagos
July 14, 2021: Wife of former LGA Chairman kidnapped in Jigawa
July 15, 2021: Police officer, two others shot dead in Ondo bank robbery
July 16, 2021: Bandit kingpin killed, two others arrested after gun duel
July 16, 2021: Former Provost Marshal of the Nigerian Army, Maj. Gen. Hussaini Ahmed, killed, in-law kidnapped by bandits along Lokoja-Abuja highway.
July 16, 2021: Confusion, controversy trail killing of 23 in Adamawa
July 16, 2021: Customs men attacked Ibarapa, killing Amotekun Commander, three others
July 17, 2021: Bloodbath in Delta as militants kill six
July 18, 2021: Bandits kill 13 police officers, three others in Zamfara
July 18, 2021: Bandits kill one, abduct 7 in attack in Kaduna
July 18, 2021: Bandits attack two vehicles, abduct six occupants around Bade forest in Kaduna
July 19, 2021: Journalist, two others killed during bank robbery operation
July 19, 2021: Two dead as gunmen attack JTF checkpoint in Delta community
July 19, 2021: Gunmen kidnap medical doctor in Kogi
July 19, 2021: Five kidnap suspects set ablaze in Edo
July 19, 2021: Gunmen hijack boat, abduct 5 maritime union workers, 3 others in Rivers
July 19, 2021: Armed herders abduct, kill 2 aid workers, Gov Ortom’s relation, 5 others in Benue
July 19, 2021: 2 policemen, scores of bandits killed in Niger
July 21, 2021: Kidnappers abduct 38-year-old man in Jigawa, demand N60m ransom
July 21, 2021: Bayelsa SSG’s mother kidnapped, gang demands N500m ransom
July 21, 2021: Man stabbed to death by brother-in-law in Delta
July 21, 2021: 3-month-old baby, couple, one other killed by armed herdsmen in renewed attack on Benue communities
July 22, 2021: Gunmen kill three police officers in Enugu
July 22, 2021: Bandits kill 26 mobile police officers in Zamfara
July 25, 2021: Gunmen hijack 3 buses, kill 2, abduct 60 passengers in Sokoto
July 26, 2021: Herdsmen kill four, 10 missing as Enugu community challenges destruction of farms
July 26, 2021: Bandits abduct monarch in Kaduna, demand N100m ransom
July 27, 2021: DPO dies as police kill six bandits in Imo gun duel
July 30, 2021: Unknown gunmen kidnap night club operator in Bayelsa, abductors demand N200m ransom
August 1, 2021: Gunmen attack Plateau villages, kill seven
August 1, 2021: One killed, many injured as APC congresses turn violent in Ekiti, Ebonyi, others
August 3, 2021: 17 dead, 85 buildings burnt in Plateau
August 3, 2021: Police kill three kidnappers, rescue commissioner’s wife, driver in Benue
August 4, 2021: Kidnappers demand N80m ransom to release remaining 80 Kaduna schoolchildren
August 4, 2021: 25 killed, 68 farms, 63 huts destroyed,as bandits attack communities in Kaduna
August 4, 2021: Seven killed, trucks set ablaze as okada riders clash escalates in Ogun
August 4, 2021: Kaduna govt confirms six killed in Kajuru attack
August 5, 2021: Gunmen storm Redeemed church, kill pastor in Lagos
August 5, 2021: One dead, scores injured as officials, Civilian JTF evict worshippers at Borno church
August 5, 2021: Robbers attack banks in Osun, kill one
August 5, 2021: Bandits kidnap father of Zamfara Assembly Speaker, five others
August 5, 2021: Okada rider arrested for raping, killing passenger
August 6, 2021: Hoodlums kill police inspector, bomb station in Imo
- Source of information: Vanguard Newspaper of August 8, 2021
Godwin Etakibuebu; a veteran Journalist, wrote from Lagos.
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